Myrcene: The most commonly found terpene in cannabis, Myrcene functions as a sedative, an analgesic, a systemic anti-inflammatory, an antibiotic, and a cancer cell antagonist.Working both alone and in conjunction with other terpenes and cannabinoids, the terpene functions as a sedative, an analgesic (pain killer), a systemic anti-inflammatory, an antibiotic, and a cancer cell antagonist (meaning it reduces the size of tumors). A March 2015 osteoarthritis study published in the journal European Journal of Pharmacology demonstrated that myrcene is a significant anti-inflammatory and anti-catabolic (preventing the breakdown of muscle mass). The study concluded that myrcene slowed and, in some cases, even halted the destruction of cartilage involved in this type of arthritis
Beta Caryophyllene: Acts as an analgesic and is effective in combating systemic inflammation, depression, anxiety, cancer and has even been shown to help with recovery from addiction to alcohol. It can also help induce sleep for those who suffer insomnia and is an antimicrobial and antifungal. Has a peppery aroma and is also produced by basil, black pepper, cloves, cinnamon, hops, oregano and rosemary.
Limonene: Delivers a scent similar to citrus fruits, including grapefruit, lemon, lime, and orange. This terpene acts as an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory (good for sufferers of arthritis, cancer, and fibromyalgia), and anti-cancer (like other terpenes and cannabinoids, it has been shown to shrink cancerous tumors). Also includes its role as an antiasthmatic (driven by its anti-inflammatory properties), which helps those suffering from asthma, bronchitis, and sinus allergies.
Humulene is of note due to the many plants in nature that produce it, including strains of hops used in the brewing of beer! The medical efficacy of this terpene includes its role as an anti-inflammatory, analgesic (pain killer) and anti-tumor (anti-cancer). It even provides antibacterial properties. It also helps wounds to heal and may play a role in weight management.
Linalool: Known for the pleasant floral aroma it gives to lavender plants, Provides a floral, herbal, sweet scent, is also produced by numerous fruits. This terpene is commonly used in aromatherapy and meditation to induce relaxation and relieve stress. Linalool is produced by basil, bay leaf, and lavender.It acts as an anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant, and anti-convulsant (helpful for those with seizure disorders, such as epilepsy and Dravet Syndrome). Due to its analgesic properties, linalool is used as a treatment following gastric band surgery. One study revealed that when inhaled, resulted in study participants consuming significantly less morphine to treat their pain.
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